will be mandatory to wear facemasks in public for
the foreseeable future after the Spanish Cabinet approved
a new Royal Decree on urgent measures, containment and
co-ordination to face the health crisis caused by COVID-19.
Health Minister Salvador Illa announced that this decree
will remain in place until the Spanish Government
declares that the epidemic is under control or that
there is an effective treatment or vaccine against the
Decree 21/2020, published in BOE-A-2020-5895, states
that facemasks will have to be worn in public spaces,
whether they be open or closed, by everyone aged 6 years
and above where it is not possible to guarantee an interpersonal
distance of 1.5 metres (Royal
Decree 21/2020 Chapter II Article 6)
and there will be fines of up to 100 euros for people
who don't wear them (Royal
Decree 21/2020 Chapter VII Article 31 Section 1).
Royal Decree states that facemasks also have to be worn
on air, sea, bus and rail transport as well as public
and private transport in vehicles up to nine seats (including
the driver) unless all the occupants of the private
vehicle live together. (Royal
Decree 21/2020 Chapter II Article 6 Section 1.b).
The obligation won't be enforced for people who have
an illness or respiratory difficulty that could be aggravated
by the use of a face mask as well as those whose situation
doesn't allow them to remove the mask themselves or
have behavioural changes that would make its use unfeasible
Decree 21/2020 Chapter II Article 6 Section 2).
Masks don't have to be worn during individual outdoor
sport exercise or when the very nature of the activity
doesn't make it feasible.
7 of the Royal Decree sets out the measures required
in the workplace, including proper ventilation, cleaning
and disinfection procedures, hand cleaning facilities
made available (gel, disinfectants or soap and water),
the guarantee of an interpersonal safety distance of
1.5 metres and, if not, the provision of the appropriate
PPE for the level of risk as well as the organisation
of shifts and common places to avoid the gathering of
both workers and clients.
regards to the hospitality sector, Article 13 states
that measures must be adopted to reduce the risk of
crowds both inside and outside the premises and to guarantee
an interpersonal safety distance of 1.5 metres, taking
the appropriate hygiene measures when this is not possible.
spokesperson María Jesús Montero said:
"Every one of us is key in this pandemic. We cannot let our guard down. Until we have a vaccine, we have to maintain the precautions.
We cannot act lightly, thinking that everything is over and we are safe."
spokesperson Edmundo Bal explained his group's support
for the approval of the Royal Decree: "We have participated in the creation of this royal decree with the intention of improving it. We have established that its goal must also be to prevent future outbreaks, social distancing of 1.5 meters, we wanted to encourage home working, and for the criteria of the regions to be taken into account to that there are no privileges when it comes to restarting sports competitions.”
The Government won the support of the Ciudadanos by
accepting a reduction of the interpersonal safe distance
from 2 metres to 1.5 metres, an important factor for
the hospitality sector in particular since it will allow
an increase in permitted capacity.
full text of the Royal Decree can be read here.
Decree 21/2020, reference BOE-A-2020-5895
Date: Wednesday 10th June 2020