The Spanish Government has published
a set of five orders in the Official State Gazette (BOE) which set out of the
new measures that go into effect today Monday as part of the controlled transition
of the country towards a new normality as it recovers from a virulent attack by
the coronavirus over the past two months. The orders also detail the conditions
that individual regions must meet in order to progress along the much-vaunted
four-step de-escalation plan to phase out the lockdown measures which have been
in place since mid-March.
Perhaps the most important is the
opportunity for small businesses to re-open, albeit by appointment only with
customers needing to request a time via telephone or online facility such as
email. Retail and commercial premises with a floor space smaller than 400
square metres can open but these premises need to be cleaned and disinfected
twice a day, including at the end of trading. Customers can enter the premises
so long as there is one employee per customer but toilet facilities are off-limits
unless it is for an emergency. If size and layout of the premises cannot
guarantee social distancing of at least two metres, face masks must be worn and
all businesses must have an authorised hand sanitizer available at all times
for both customers and staff. Some hair salons have already erected plastic
partitions between chairs and the stylists themselves
have been wearing both face masks and full face guards. Businesses selling clothing and shoes must
disinfect items after every use and changing rooms can be used by individuals
only and cleaned and disinfected each time they are used. Customers over the
age of 65 must be allocated their own timetable which corresponds to the time
slot allocated for the over-70s (10.00-12:00 and 19:00-20:00).
Bars and restaurants have already
been allowed to make home deliveries but starting today Monday, they can also
offer a take-away service from the premises so long as the required safety
measures are met. Orders need to be made in advance by telephone or online so
that the business can set a specific time for collection to avoid crowding in
the vicinity of its premises. The customer can remain inside the premises only
for as long as it takes to collect the order and the two-metre social
distancing requirement must be observed. If this is not possible in smaller premises,
they will have to operate a ‘one-in, one-out’ policy to control access, except
for those customers accompanied by a minor, dependent person or senior citizen.
Premises can remain open to the public only during the order collection period.
Drive-Thru take-away services are permitted so long as the customer does not
leave their vehicle.
terms of the phased de-escalation, autonomous regions
have until 2.00pm on Wednesday to present its proposal
for moving forward with the transition plan which includes
tentative dates for the adoption of the different measures
of each phase. Remember that the six-week four-phase
timetable outlined by the Spanish Government last week
was the 'best-case scenario' for de-escalation and each
region could enter each phase at different times. Today
the islands of Formentera, La Gomera, El Hierro and
La Graciosa have moved into Phase 1 whilst the rest
of the nation remains in Phase 0. In order to progress,
each region must meet a number of requirements regarding
the capacity of its health system and the strategic
plan for isolation and control of potential outbreaks
of new infection, the full details of which can be read
in BOE 4792.
Other orders include mandatory
wearing of face masks on public transport, the lifting of restrictions on
renovation work on private homes and business premises subject to certain
conditions, the re-opening of archives for research subject to certain
conditions, and the lifting of restrictions for professional athletes and federated
sports people, subject to certain conditions.
The full text of the orders can
be viewed online here.
from various sources
Date: Monday 4th May 2020