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javeamigos.com | A GUIDE TO RECYCLING IN JAVEA

javeamigos.com | JAVEA GUIDE TO RECYCLING

HELP THE ENVIRONMENT - HELP JAVEA
A simple guide to how to recycle in Javea.

WHAT IS RECYCLING?
Waste products are those things that have already been used and no longer have any value. In many cases, these waste products contain valuable materials that can be recovered and recycled. These days we generate a large amount of waste which need to be disposed of, so recycling helps the environment by saving raw materials because paper, cardboard, glass, plastic and metal can be reused again and again, saving water and energy because less of both is used to make new products from recycled and reclaimed materials than from raw materials and reducing the amount of waste by reducing the volume in landfills.

Consider the three R's:

REDUCE - Try to reduce waste generation. For example, take your own bags to the market / supermarket.
REUSE - Think about using products for other purposes before throwing them away. For example, you could use old clothing as cleaning clothes.
RECYCLE
- Deposit recyclable material in the containers provided throughout the town (see below) whilst other products can be taken to the Ecoparque.

Recycling in the Home
javeamigos.com | RECYCLING IN JAVEA
Recycling in the home is not complicated, you just have to be a little bit organised. The simplest method is to have four different containers: one for glass, one for paper and cardboard, one for lightweight containers (plastic, cans and cartons) and one for organic matter. You can determine if a product can be recycled by special symbols, the most common of which is the universal recycling symbol formed from three mutually chasing arrows that form a Möbius strip. This symbol often comes with a number inside or initials which indicate the material from which the product has been made. Be aware that the symbol only indicates that the product can be recycled, not that it has been made from recycled products.

The Ecoparque
The Ecoparque is a municipal installation provided for residents to throw away those items which cannot be deposited in the bins. For example, domestic appliances such as fridges, microwaves, vacuum cleaners, kettles and toasters; electrical and electronic equipment such as computers, laptops, video cameras, televisions, DVD players and stereo systems; furniture; lightbulbs of all kinds; furniture; used cooking oil; broken mirrors; old cleaning equipment such as brooms and mops, etc.; and sports equipment, games, etc. In Jávea, the Ecopark is located in Camí de les Sortes (click
here for location on Google Map) and is open from 9.00am until 1.30pm and then 3.30pm until 5.30pm Monday to Saturday with extended opening to 8.00pm during the months of June, July and August.

Collection Service
There is a FREE collection service of household applicances. Call 900 102 149 to arrange collection.

The Recycling Bins Explained
Within walking distance or a short drive of most homes are the rubbish and recycling points consisting of a line of bins coloured depending on the products to be deposited. For organic waste, the grey bins are used but here is a rough guide to what should be placed in which container:

GLASS

You can put in this container:
- glass bottles and jars
You cannot put in this container:

- the bottle tops
- drinking glasses, wine glasses
- glass plates
- glass vases
- lightbulbs
- glass windows
- mirrors
- car windscreens
- glass tables
- medicine containers
- ceramic, porcelain or clay articles
- brick or stone articles

The environmental benefits of recycling glass include:
- saving energy: recycling one bottle of glass could run a 100W lightbulb for four hours;
- reducing the need for new source material: 3,000 bottles are equivalent to one metric ton of source material;
- reducing levels of rubbish in dumps: every three bottles recycled is equivalent to a kilogram of rubbish. 

The glass that is collected is taken to a treatment plant where it is cleaned and then ground to form 'cullet' that is used to make new bottles and jars. 100% of any glass bottle or jar deposited in the green bins can be recycled with the same qualities.

Recyclable glass materials can be identified with the Punto Verde symbol which signifies that the manufacturers have made the necessary contributions for their packaging to be properly managed and consequently recycled.

Advice for the recycling of glass:
- use a box or recycling bag to collect glass bottles and jars suitable to recycling;
- empty the contents of the container and rinse if necessary to eliminate bad smells;
- remove the bottle tops as they cannot be recycled in the same container;
- try not to accumulate too many recyclable glass items to avoid too much effort to take them to the green container;
- if necessary, use a shopping trolley to transport the recyclable material to the container;
- be aware of the possibility of broken glass, especially if using a plastic recycling bag;
- when depositing the glass bottles and jars into the container, try not to make too much noise;
- remove the bottles and jars from the box or recycling bag before depositing them into the container.

BE AWARE
Crystal glasses are made with heavy metals in their composition and are therefore those which have been broken should not be thrown into the green container but taken to the municipal EcoParque (see below).
 

PAPER AND CARDBOARD

You can put in this container:
- paper and cardboard
- newspapers and magazines
- cardboard boxes and containers
- receipts and invoices
You cannot put in this container:

- cartons (milk, juice, etc.)
- paper towels and napkins
- food-tainted boxes (pizza, etc.)
- photographs and x-rays
- boxes coated with wax, metal, etc.
- medical products
- wood

The environmental benefits of recycling paper and cardboard include:
- saving water: recycling paper uses 100 times less water than making new paper;
- saving energy: recycling paper uses 70% less energy than making new paper;
- reducing levels of rubbish in dumps: 700kg of recycled material is an equivalent size to a car.
- reducing CO2 emissions at rubbish dumps: each kilo recycled reduces emission by 900 grams.

The paper and cardboard that is collected is used to produce new boxes, wrapping paper, stationary items, magazines, newspaper, books, etc. The quality of recycled paper has improved much in the last few years.

Recyclable paper and cardboard can be identified with the Punto Verde symbol which signifies that the manufacturers have made the necessary contributions for their packaging to be properly managed and consequently recycled.

Advice for the recycling of paper and cardboard:
- use a box, basket or paper bag to collect paper and cardboard suitable to recycling;
- when unpacking the shopping, remove the packaging when possible, such as that for yogurts and drinks, for recycling;
- crush any boxes to save space whilst storing before taking to the container;
- if possible, remove staples, clips and spirals before putting into the container.

BE AWARE
If you are throwing away personal information, ensure that you shred the paper adequately. Cartons, such as those for milk and fruit juices, are made not only of cardboard but can also include other materials such as plastic and aluminium. They can be recycled but only by depositing them in the yellow container (see below). 
 

PACKAGING

You can put in this container:
- plastic bottles and jars
- plastic boxes and trays
- plastic wrapping
- steel or aluminium tins and cans
- aluminium trays
- cartons (milk, juice, wine, etc.)
- plastic shopping bags
- bottle tops and lids
You cannot put in this container:

- suitcases or briefcases
- wallets, purses or handbags
- lighters, pens or cassettes
- medical products
- furniture
- toys
- clothing
- kitchen utensils

The environmental benefits of recycling this type of packaging include:
- reducing fuel use: each kilo of plastic needs 2 kilos of crude oil to produce;
- saving energy: savings of between 30% and 70% can be made recycling plastic, steel and aluminium;
- reducing air contamination: the manufacturing process produces a huge amount of contaminant gases;.

The packaging that is collected is taken to a selection plant where it is separated into the material with which is has been made (aluminium, steel, plastic, etc.) and used again as source material to make new products. For example, 40 plastic bottles can be used to make a fleece jacket whilst 80 tins can make a bicycle tyre.

Recyclable packaging can be identified with the Punto Verde symbol which signifies that the manufacturers have made the necessary contributions for their packaging to be properly managed and consequently recycled.

Advice for the recycling of paper and cardboard:
- use a plastic bag to collect packaging suitable to recycling;
- empty the packaging and rinse out if necessary to reduce bad smells;
- crush any bottles or packaging to save space whilst storing before taking to the container;
- don't deposit anything other than plastic packaging, tins or cartons for milk, juices, wine, etc. in the container.
 

MEDICINE AND ITS PACKAGING

You can put in this container:
- empty medicine bottles
- medicines no longer required
- out-of-date medicines
You cannot put in this container:

- thermometers
- syringes, needles or sharp objects
- prosthesis
- gauzes
- x-rays.

The environmental benefits of recycling medicines and its packaging include:
- allowing the recovery of recyclable materials such as paper, plastic, metal and glass;
- saving energy and water through recycling;
- avoiding contamination of the earth and water by proper management of medicines.

The medicine that is collected is taken to a treatment plant where it is separated into recyclable materials, such as the packaging of paper and card, plastics, glass and metals which is then sent to the appropriate recycling business, and into non-recyclable materials which is taken to an energy recovery plant where it is incinerated to obtain electric power.

Recyclable medical products can be identified with the Punto Sigre symbol which signifies that the manufacturers have made the necessary contributions for medicines and their packaging to be properly managed and consequently recycled.

Advice for the recycling of medicine and its packaging:
- the special containers can be found in most chemists;
- empty the packaging and rinse out if necessary to reduce bad smells;
- crush any bottles or packaging to save space whilst storing before taking to the container.
 

 Source: "Manual de buenas prácticas: Gestionar los residuos en el Hogar" (Generalitat Valenciana)


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