for location using Google Maps
This is a Municipal
Civil Register on which every resident in Jávea should be registered as it is
a legal obligation required by Spanish law.
It is essentially an official tally of how many people live in the community.
For every person that is registered, the Ayuntamiento - the town hall
- receives funding from central
government to pay for services such as policing, health centres, cleaning and the postal
So if the Padrón Municipal records a population of 30,000, the Ayuntamiento receives the appropriate
funding (almost 200€ per person) for that number of residents, irrespective of whether the actual
population is higher. Therefore, not only is it a legal requirement, it is in
everyone’s interests to register in order for the town to receive the funding, the second-largest source
of income for Jávea after the rates. It is currently estimated that Jávea loses almost two million euros a year -
about 6% of its income - due
to the “missing” population, thought to be around 10,000 people, mainly foreign
residents who are either unaware that they should register or choose not to
do so. The list is confidental and there's no downside
to being registered.
if you spend the majority of your time in Xŕbia, registering
on the padrón means you will be complying with the law.
You also need proof of your registration in the form
of a Certificado
de Empadronamiento for
various official actions, such as applying for state
health cover, registering children in local schools or buying
a car. In addition, the benefits include free municipal
bus passes for the over 65s and the potential to minimize
a) Passport or recognised official identification.
N.I.E. / Residencia certificate
c) For home owners, the escritura (deeds)
for the house and a latest receipt for IBI
d) For renters, a valid rental contract
If you live in a home without a rental contract (for
example, the family holiday home that is not registered
in your name), you will need to produce a signed letter
giving permission to live in the house as well as a
latest receipt for the address (IBI or AMJASA).
Since 2015, EU citizens are required to produce the
green residency certificate although not all municipalities
I always recommend taking
photocopies of these documents with you whenever dealing
with bureaucracy as it can often help speed up
DE ATENCIÓN CIUDADANA
Avenida Amanecer de Espańa, 2
03730 Javea (Alicante)
Open: Mon-Fri 9.00am to 2.00pm
are made at the Oficina de Atención Ciudadana in
Avenida Amanecer de Espańa in the old town, situated on the top of the Portal
del Clot underground car-park and open between 9am and 2pm, Monday to Friday.
When you enter the building, there
is a touch-screen monitor located on a desk directly
in front of the door. You can select your preferred
language and the system will ask you to select your
enquiry - in this case, the padrón - and will then print
out a ticket. Remove it from
the machine and wait for your turn. Your number will be displayed on a
television screen in front of the waiting area when
the next desk is available; listen out for a dull tone
which indicates that a desk has become free and watch
out for your number and the desk at which your enquiry
will be addressed.
Armed with the appropriate documentation –
a valid passport or national identity card and a rental contract or ‘escritura’ if you are a home owner -
the application process is quite easy. A Certificado
de Empadronamiento can be issued at the same time
- for a price - but the
certificate may be needed to buy or sell a car, register a child in school or
apply for an N.I.E. or residency.
nationals should renew their registration every five years; non-EU nationals
every two years. The Ayuntamiento
should also be notified of any change of status, such as moving house. Sometimes
the Ayuntamiento will contact residents to ask
them to re-confirm their details. This is quite normal.
On occasions, the INE - the state statistical office
- will instruct town halls to update their record of
foreign residents and the failure to do so by the individual
will mean their removal from the register. The last
time this happened was 2013 which is partly the reason why
the population of Xŕbia has dropped so dramatically
over the past couple of years.
Registering on the padrón does NOT mean that you will
be registered to vote in the municipal elections. However,
you can sign on to both registers at the same time,
although you will have to ask to do so.